7 Aug 2023

Why is the German Yield Curve Sharply Steepening?

The German yield curve has experienced an impressive steepening of almost 60bps in just one month! This significant movement can be attributed to several key factors that are driving the shift: Fundamentals and Economic Outlook: One of the primary drivers behind this steepening is the market's reassessment of the potential avoidance of a recession. There's a positive repricing of economic fundamentals, suggesting improved prospects for growth and stability. Additionally, there's growing concern about structural inflation running higher than initially expected. Notably, the German 5-year breakeven rate has surged to 2.63%, reaching its highest level since 2009, which has translated into higher long-term yields. Front-End Yield Curve Repricing: The recent decisions made by the European Central Bank (ECB) have also played a role in the steepening. Firstly, the ECB chose to no longer remunerate the bank's minimum reserve held at the central bank. Additionally, today's surprise decision by the Bundesbank's Executive Board further impacted the market. The decision was to remunerate domestic government deposits held with the Bundesbank at 0%, starting from 1 October 2023. Both of these developments could potentially increase demand for German short-term papers. Source: Bloomberg.


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